Singular and plural nouns

Singular and plural nouns activities

Common nouns allow us to name people, animals or things of the same class or species, without particularizing their meaning, such as man, horse, house, car. They group the objects they name by their characteristics, without expressing distinctive features. Therefore, they are considered generic nouns.

Concrete nouns designate beings that are perceived by the senses, but this does not mean that they exist in reality, as happens for example with fairies or unicorns, which are imaginary beings represented by images.

Collective nouns designate in the singular a group of countable beings that present a similarity, as for example pack and herd. They have inherent the idea of plurality without needing a morpheme to express it, but not in the sense of one plus one, but as a collective group formed by several units of the same thing designated.

There is a difference between grammatical gender and sex (semantic gender): gender is a grammatical feature of the word and sex (semantic gender) is a biological feature of living beings to which some nouns refer. Usually the grammatical gender agrees with the semantic gender when talking about living beings, but not when talking about inanimate or abstract objects. Example: single is a noun of masculine grammatical gender, which also refers to a living being of masculine sex (masculine semantic gender); light is a noun of feminine grammatical gender, which because it is inanimate (the same happens with beings, objects and abstract concepts) lacks sex (null semantic gender).

Feminine singular noun examples

Nouns are the words in a sentence that refer to people, animals, objects and places. But they can be used in singular or plural, depending on the quantity they refer to.

Singular nouns refer to a person, animal, object, feeling or place, where a quantity of the noun is mentioned. They have a singular article before them such as: the, the, a, a, one, one.

Unlike singular nouns, these refer to when you have a lot of something. They are followed by a plural article such as: los, las, unos, unas. In addition, these nouns must have -s / -es added at the end of the word to make it plural.

Singular and plural in english

I’m sorry to tell you that all these words we’ve studied today need to be memorized. But don’t be discouraged! Nobody said it would be easy. And… it’s not that complicated either :). You just have to put a little heart into it. Plus with day in and day out and practice, you’ll see how you’ll learn these words very quickly.

Oh! the exceptions… :)To form the plural of proper nouns ending in «consonant + y», instead of adding the ending «-IES» and eliminating the original «Y», add the «-S» as we see below:

Singular and plural words

In the plural constructions there are no rules. A good idea would be to learn the plural form at the same time as the singular. In addition, you can also look at the end of words to guess the plural ending, but there are many exceptions.

It is used for most masculine and neuter nouns, e.g., der Tag – die Tage, der Beruf – die Berufe, der Schuh – die Schuhe, das Jahr – die Jahre, das Heft – die Hefte, das Regal – die Regale, etc.

Most nouns ending in -a, -i or -o, except French or English abbreviations and foreign words, e.g., das Foto – die Fotos, die CD – die CDs, das Restaurant – die Restaurants, etc.


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