Primary and secondary sources

Secondary sources examples

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First source definition is a source that originates at the time of an event, a witness to the event that describes the event in its own words. A secondary source is one that was created later by someone who did not have first-hand experience or participate in the events. In this case, primary sources would include: letters, newspapers, diaries, interviews, and artifacts. Secondary sources would then be interpretations of those artifacts.

This is complicated within some disciplines. For example, in biblical studies some might call the Bible a primary source. It is, because it is a witness to events and leaves out interpretation/commentary. But for some scholars, translators, our English Bible is a secondary source because the primary is the Bible in the original languages (Greek, Hebrew and Aramaic). Some even argue that the Greek New Testament is a secondary source. For the text critic, the actual manuscripts and fragments are the primary and the edited UBS or Nestle-Aland are a secondary source. The ESV or NRSV would then be a tertiary source. And about the notes in the English Bible, it is complicated.

An encyclopedia is a primary source

Job analysis is a process that consists of investigating, describing and recording the purpose of a job, its main duties and activities, as well as the conditions under which the precise knowledge, skills and abilities are performed. This process requires the use of primary and secondary sources of information.

In this unit you will be able to review different methods for collecting information for job analysis, as well as their advantages and disadvantages. Afterwards, you will be able to perform learning activities and a self-assessment to corroborate the knowledge acquired and, if necessary, you will be able to review the information again to correct any errors that may have arisen.

It is one of the most common techniques due to its efficiency and, historically, one of the oldest. Its use is very effective in time and motion studies. The analyst directly observes the worker in the performance of his or her duties and notes the key points of his or her inquiries on the corresponding sheet. It is the most appropriate for workers who perform simple, repetitive and easily verified manual functions. It is recommended to complement it with an interview of the worker or his supervisor.

Primary and secondary sources examples

A primary source refers to the documentary sources that are considered material coming from some source of the moment, in relation to a phenomenon or event that may be of interest to be investigated or recounted, that is, it is the raw material that one has to carry out a particular research work.[1] In the case of historiography, it is what at the time has served to write history.

In the case of historiography, it is what at the time has served to write history. Indeed, at the origin of the development of historiography, there is the question of the classification and validation of sources, when historians analyzed and discussed the writing of history and prehistory, and the way in which knowledge of the past was obtained by applying the methodology of history. They are also divided into written and unwritten sources.

Secondary source

As we have read previously, starting a scientific article involves a series of reflections on the idea and the process of formulating the research question. Once the approach has been defined, we can begin to gather information in order to orient the study towards the main (and fundamental) theoretical bases. In the literature review we must take into account two types of sources: primary and secondary.

Documents relating to the primary source deal with original data, the result of pioneering intellectual work: books, empirical articles, official documents from governmental institutions, technical reports, patents, etc. In the case of the secondary source, we find organized information resulting from the analysis, reconfiguration and interpretation of documents published in the academic, institutional and informative spectrum. Both possibilities are applied in scientific studies. However, we can find a series of issues that encourage a restricted use of secondary sources (see figure).


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