Ejercicios de defining and non defining relative clauses

Relative pronouns in english

Before we start practicing, we will give you a brief summary of the types of relative clauses and how they are formed. First, you must remember that relative pronouns serve to refer to the noun (person or thing) that has already been mentioned in the sentence. In addition, they are used to modify or add information about the noun.

Defining: These are the type of clauses that define the noun and serve to identify the person or thing we are referring to. In this case, no commas are used to separate the clause from the rest of the sentence.

Have you been able to solve the relative clause exercises? We hope this activity has helped you to better understand how relative clauses are formed and the use of relative pronouns in English.

Relative clauses exercises

Here you will learn about the relative pronouns in English: that, which, which, who, whom, whose. By using them we can form what are known as relative clauses.  These subjects are known in English as Relative Pronouns and Relative Clauses respectively.

The word That is a relative pronoun that replaces the expression «The man» and introduces a phrase to the sentence. The phrases that are added by means of the words that, which, which, who, who, whom, whose are known as relative clauses or phrases (more on this later).

Relative clause examples

Relative clauses are used to identify, define or classify a thing or a person in a sentence. The relative pronouns «who, «which» and «that» are used to identify the beginning of the relative clause.

While these relative pronouns can function in a sentence as the subject or object of the relative clause, in this topic we will use the pronoun as the subject. In a more advanced topic at another level we will be showing more examples of how to use the pronoun as the object of the sentence.

So, we will use the relative pronouns: «who / which /that» to formulate relative subject clauses, taking into account the rules of identification of the illustration presented at the beginning.

What is the purpose of knowing the use of relative clauses? A basic use consists of joining two sentences to form a single sentence without modifying the general meaning. The idea is to join two sentences into one by using the appropriate relative pronoun.

Relative pronouns exercises

In its simple form, que can never be preceded by a preposition. In order to be combined with a preposition, it must necessarily be preceded by a specific article: el que, la que, los que, las que, las que.

The article preceding the relative clause that allows us to discern which of the entities named in the main sentence the relative clause refers to. The following three sentences are correct but the use of a relative in each case alters their meaning.

The relative who always has a person as antecedent and is usually reserved for written language. If it is not preceded by a preposition, it can be used as an alternative to que in explanatory sentences (between commas). Preceded by a preposition, it can alternate with que or cual, with their variants, and be used in specific (without commas) and explanatory sentences.

Generally, cuyo gives a formal tone to the discourse, which is why this type of relative clause is mainly used in written language. In everyday speech, an attempt is made to reformulate the sentence in order to avoid the use of this relative clause.


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