5Mendoza’s political biography is closely linked to the war of Granada. Coinciding with the revitalization of the Reconquest, the death of the archbishop of the Primate Cathedral of Toledo occurred, a moment that was used by the Catholic Monarchs to request Mendoza’s investiture. The steps taken in Rome, however, were not only aimed at the archbishopric of Toledo, but also at exchanging the title of cardinal of Santa Maria in Dominica for that of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, a fundamental change in the symbolic projection of his cardinalate. As soon as they arrived in Seville, the court received the happy news of his double appointment as archbishop of the Primacy and cardinal of Santa Croce (as well as patriarch of Alexandria)10. Undoubtedly, this double election was perfectly motivated and strategically prepared (most probably by the desire of the interested party himself) and its function, as we will try to show immediately, was aimed at appropriating the symbolic capital of the said basilica at a particularly delicate moment in the relations of the Castilian court with the Holy See.

Pedro gonzález de mendoza 1340

Born on May 3, 1428 in Guadalajara, he studied in Salamanca and was named bishop of Calahorra in 1454, of Siguenza 1467 and Archbishop of Seville 1474. He was a faithful advisor to Enrique IV from whom he received among other mercies the «tercias» of Guadalajara in 1466 and for whom he fought in 1467 in Olmedo, together with his family, against the faction of the Marquis of Villena.

Although the Mendozas were initially the guardians of the princess Juana «la Beltraneja», daughter of Enrique IV and niece of Isabel the Catholic and important supporters of Juana, it was their change of side in 1473 to the side of Isabel (possibly so much for the advantages that would be obtained in exchange for their support as for being Fernando great-great-grandson of Pedro González de Mendoza, the one of Aljubarrota, and by the intercession in favor of Ferdinand of Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia, future Alexander VI, and who obtained him the cardinalate what helped to the rise of the family, and to that Isabel conserved the crown of Castile from 1474.

The Cardinal distinguished himself in the civil war, siege of Zamora and battle of Toro as well as in the war of Granada, being the one who blessed the recently conquered Granada. Advisor to the Kings, he contributed to the subjugation of the nobility and to the pacification and greatness of the kingdom. The noble coat of arms with the green bands and the motto «Ave Maria» of the Mendoza family was respected throughout the peninsula.

Diego lópez de mendoza

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La casa de Mendoza decía descender de los señores de Llodio en Álava, y haberse asentado en Castilla la Vieja, en el siglo XI[2] Un jefe de la casa se había distinguido mucho en la batalla de las Navas de Tolosa en 1212. Otro, Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, su abuelo, (hacia 1365 – 1404), había sido Almirante de Castilla en el reinado de Enrique III de Castilla «El Enfermo»[cita requerida].

El rey Pedro I de Castilla, asesinado en marzo de 1369, había dotado a su bisabuelo Pedro González de Mendoza, muerto en la batalla de Aljubarrota en 1385, de los señoríos de Hita, en la provincia de Guadalajara, y de Buitrago[cita requerida].

Durante estos años se unió a Mencía de Lemos, dama de compañía portuguesa de la reina consorte. Ella le dio dos hijos, Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar Mendoza, que en su día fue seleccionado para ser el marido de Lucrecia Borgia, y Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, I Conde de Melito que llegó a ser el abuelo de la princesa de Éboli del reinado de Felipe II de España (ver Antonio Pérez)[cita requerida].

Pedro de mendoza

After the farce of Avila (June 5, 1465), Pedro González de Mendoza became the visible head of the king’s supporters against those who had deposed him in order to raise his half-brother, Prince Alfonso, to the throne, and who were led, in turn, by his main opponents at court, the Marquis of Villena and Archbishop Carrillo. The bishop of Calahorra then became the true binder of a party that sought both to defend the inviolability of Henry IV and the rights of Juana la Beltraneja to the throne, as well as the preservation of the preeminent position that the Mendozas had achieved in the government of Castile. The royal grants in favor of the prelate and his relatives did not take long to begin to flow as a consequence of this faithful support of the whole lineage, headed by the bishop, to the head of the Crown in such a critical juncture.

As head of his lineage, after the death of the king, the cardinal went to Queen Isabella to offer her support and that of his relatives to obtain the Castilian throne against those who supported the candidacy of Juana la Beltraneja. Very soon he became the main one among his advisors and supporters, given his experience in this type of conflicts and the strength of the Mendoza family. This privileged position angered Archbishop Carrillo, who considered that the most prominent place next to the kings corresponded by right only to him as the main promoter and initial defender of his cause. For this reason, and because of the monarchs’ refusal to accede to his wishes, the Toledo prelate went in a short period of time from being the main supporter of his rights to the throne to becoming the protector of those of Juana la Beltraneja and her husband, the king of Portugal. Thus, Mendoza and Carrillo once again found themselves on opposing sides for the throne of Castile.


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